Thursday, 2 June 2016
PF tag

Jone at Check It Out is hosting the Poetry Friday links this week. Thanks, Jone!

POST UPDATE: Thanks to Charles at StartSleeping.Org for reaching out to me. I’m happy to share information about the organization.

Charles writes: I work with a passionate team at that strives to provide the best resources possible to help those in need get a good night’s sleep. With winter fast approaching we like to turn our attention to some of the most vulnerable; the 550,000 homeless Americans who do not have a safe warm place to sleep at night. We have a continuously expanding homeless shelter resource to which it is imperative to get more exposure. Lives are literally on the line. You can take a look here:

Look for a guest post from soon.

Now back to the original post…

Happy Poetry Friday, Everyone!

Last month, Poetry Friday blogger Michelle H. Barnes invited me to her site, Today’s Little Ditty, for a post about persona poems. Although I used many poetic forms in my novel in verse, THE LAST FIFTH GRADE OF EMERSON ELEMENTARY, every single poem is a persona poem. Why? Because each poem is spoken in the voice of an invented character.

In my post for Michelle, I highlighted the development of one character in the book, fifth grader Brianna Holmes. You can read the full post at Today’s Little Ditty.

In that post, I wrote: When I came up with the character of Brianna Holmes, I only knew one thing about her: Her family was homeless. A neighbor of mine works with our local school system, providing support to homeless families. Because Emerson Elementary is modeled on schools in my area, it was important to include a homeless character.

Today, I’d like to welcome my friend and neighbor Kim McCauley. Kim works to support homeless children and their families here in Howard County, Maryland. If I didn’t know Kim, the character of Brianna Holmes would never have been invented.

At the end of our interview, I will share the poem where Brianna describes one way that she copes with being homeless.

Laura: THE LAST FIFTH GRADE OF EMERSON ELEMENTARY is set in Howard County, Maryland. How would you describe your work with homeless children? What are some ways that the school system gives them support?  

Kim: I work in the Pupil Personnel Office which is part of Student Services in the Howard County Public School System. We have a comprehensive homeless policy in Howard County Schools and we also follow the McKinney-Vento law [read about it here] to make sure that all homeless students can attend school and receive the supports that they are entitled to by law and policy. Our job in the PPW office is to make sure all of these policies and the law are followed while also supporting the students and families as they navigate through homelessness.  I have many responsibilities that relate to making sure that homeless children are monitored regularly for grades and attendance, ensuring that they are receiving free meals and transportation, data collection and other duties. There are so many things that go into supporting a homeless family. The PPWs work to address the issues on the school level. They case manage all homeless children and work extensively with the families to help support them while they are experiencing homelessness.

Laura: Is homelessness a big issue in central Maryland? How many school-aged children does it affect?

Kim: Homelessness is a big issue in all of Maryland. Each county reports to the state regularly on the numbers of homeless kids. You can find the numbers for each county by visiting the MSDE website and searching homelessness. In Howard County, we currently have approximately 550 children that have been identified since the beginning of the 15/16 school year that are experiencing homelessness. Not all of those are HCPSS students. We include all youth that we know about in this number. Also, this number changes almost every day. Almost all of our schools in Howard County have homeless students.

Laura: The character Brianna Holmes tells us that she is homeless. She’s living in a motel with her family, not in a shelter or on the streets. Is this something you see with the families you work with? Can you explain how a homeless family might come to live in a motel?  

Kim: We see many of our families that are living in motels.  Sometimes a family will lose their home through eviction or foreclosure and living in a motel is the most that they can afford.  In other cases Grassroots Crisis Center will temporarily place families in a motel to help them through the transition of losing their home.  Families experiencing homelessness in Howard County must go through the Coordinated System of Homeless Services to be eligible to receive services.  They start this process by calling the Grassroots emergency hotline number 410-531-6677.

Laura: Thank you for sharing that contact information. How can parents, educators, and other adults help children understand what it means to be homeless? Are there ways that school children can support their peers who are homeless or food insecure?

Kim: This is a hard question because no matter what we say or do, children and adults will never fully understand what a person goes through when they are experiencing homelessness and sometimes hunger unless they experience it themselves. However, there are certainly ways to help children and others understand and offer them ways to help. There are many fundraising opportunities in HoCo designed to help Grassroots Crisis Center. One of those programs is called Change Matters and it’s tied into student service learning in many of our schools. For example, they usually incorporate lessons into the curriculum and then it culminates with a fundraising activity so that students feel like they are helping. There are many other opportunities to help by volunteering to make meals, work in the cold weather shelters, etc.  There are also many films available for viewing that show homeless youth  and how they deal with homelessness.  One very powerful film that has been shown on HBO and is also available as a teaching resource is called Home Stretch.  There are several others such as American Winter that are being used as educational resources as well.

Laura: Do you have any children’s books you recommend that touch on the issue of homelessness?  

Kim: I do not know of any children’s books that touch on homelessness. However, there are many books that are extremely insightful and powerful that depict real-life homelessness.  Enrique’s Journey and An Invisible Thread are two books that I highly recommend. These books shouldn’t be read to young children. I recommend an adult review them before having children read them.

Kim, thank you so much for sharing all of this information and telling us about the work that you do to support homeless children and their families.


Illustration by Abigail Halpin

Meet Brianna Holmes, an Emerson Elementary fifth grader, who is one of Ms. Hill’s poets.

In her first poem, Brianna tells us that she loves being as fashionable as the “fifth-grade queens.” So she’s taught herself how to sew, embroider, and repurpose hand-me-down clothes to make them stylish.

It’s not until Brianna’s second poem that we learn more about her family situation. Brianna is living in a motel with her mother and older brother. Although she hopes they will have their own home someday, for now, Brianna’s family is homeless.




Readers, I hope you enjoyed hearing from Kim McCauley today, and learning more about my inspiration for this character.

I recently read Katherine Applegate’s middle grade novel CRENSHAW, which is about a family on the brink of becoming homeless. Feel free to share your recommended reading about homelessness (specify whether it’s for kids or adults) in the comments.

10 responses to “Poetry Friday: “Where They Live””

  1. As I read through your post, I was thinking of the book Crenshaw and then you mentioned it. I think homelessness is an issue everywhere and a concern that we cannot turn a blind eye to. Thanks for this interview.

  2. What a heart wrenching poem. It is beautiful.

  3. Violet N. says:

    Brianna’s is such a moving poem! Expresses so much in a showing and interesting way.

    It seems that homelessness is a continent-wide problem. The homeless on our streets seem very desperate. I have never seen children amongst them; I hope there are none. I hadn’t even thought about children living in motels as homeless. Thanks for this enlightening post.

  4. Kat Apel says:

    What a beautiful voice in that poem, Laura. And thank-you for sharing this expert interview.

  5. Mary Lee Hahn says:

    Even though I teach in an affluent suburban district, my school is on the very edge and serves some students who are living in motels, and many who are immigrants and refugees who have come to this country with few or no resources. School is often the place where these kids can forget for a few hours and just be kids.

    Barbara O’Connor’s How To Steal a Dog gives a glimpse of homelessness.

  6. It’s good to hear that Maryland has resources in place for these families. I know there are programs in place in my town to provide for students (and their families) who are hungry, but it seems like homelessness is not as visible an issue. Thanks for this interview with Kim, Laura, and for bringing light to this and other important and sensitive topics in your book.

  7. Thank you for the interview, and for the insight into your character. So sad that people are in these situations. I used to volunteer with an organization here in NH called The Way Home, which helped families like that with transitional housing….nice that you bring it to the reader’s attention, so that those experiencing it don’t feel alone – and so that those who don’t can get a glimpse of what it’s like.

  8. I live in an affluent suburb, too, but people do get laid off or experience long-term illness that erode all their planning and resources. The community tries to help, but cannot make up the slack between having a full income and not having one, plus debts. And kids, sometimes big families of kids, get caught up by that, and they are helpless to change it. We have a food bank, and other resources, but I doubt those compensate for the loss of stability and innocent joys. I thought your Brianna character was great! Terrific post, Laura.

  9. […] a few of the characters, including Brianna Holmes, whose family is temporarily housed in a motel. Here is my interview with Kim McCauley, who works with homeless families in our county […]

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Laura Shovan

Laura Shovan is the author of the award-winning middle grade novel, The Last Fifth Grade of Emerson Elementary. Her second book, Takedown, is a Junior Library Guild and PJ Our Way selection. Look for A Place at the Table, co-written with Saadia Faruqi, in 2020. Laura is a poet-in-the-schools Maryland.

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